Brief History from
The early years of
Anderson County, Kansas, located near the
Missouri border, were impacted by
violence. The political
climate that earned the title of
Bleeding Kansas brought a cycle of revenge
and retaliation that resulted in
property, loss of lives, and
increased tensions on both sides of the
Kansas slavery issue.
Anderson County, Kansas,
in the southeast part of the state, is in
the Osage Cuesta region featuring gently
Established as one of the original
33 counties in 1855, it was named for
proslavery speaker pro-tem of the
legislature, Joseph C. Anderson.
Years before Kansas was a territory, the
U.S. moved native peoples from different
the East to a permanent Indian
frontier. The Potawatomi people were
removed from their Indiana home to this
area in 1833.
On the Potawatomi Trail of Death 859
members of the tribe were escorted by
militia along the 660-mile journey. More
40 people died along the way, most
of them children. The Potawatomi tribe was
reassigned to present-day Pottawatomie
County between 1847-1848.