History from Kansas State Historical
Pawnee County was
organized on November 4, 1872, by A. H.
Boyd; Henry Booth; Timothy McCarthy; and
George J. Cox.
Containing the cities of Garfield,
Burdett, Rozel and Larned, the county was
named for the Pawnee Indians
The establishment of Fort
Larned in 1859 on the Santa Fe Trail was
significant not only for defense of the
Trail, but also to
assist settlers in the area. The
Hancock-Custer expedition of 1867 arrived
at Fort Larned on April 7, 1867, and the
conducted meetings with two Cheyenne
chiefs, Tall Bull, and White Horse in an
attempt to satisfy Indian displeasure at
settlement in the area. This meeting
temporarily halted any problems along the
Santa Fe Trail.